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      1 - Review and analysis of agricultural tourism management in the world and Iran
      Hamid  Ahmadizadeh
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 5 , Winter 2022
      Agricultural tourism is one of the forms of rural tourism that is included in the special or alternative tourism group. Today, agricultural tourism in the world is considered as a strategy to improve the economic, social and biological conditions of villages. Also, by c More
      Agricultural tourism is one of the forms of rural tourism that is included in the special or alternative tourism group. Today, agricultural tourism in the world is considered as a strategy to improve the economic, social and biological conditions of villages. Also, by creating new job opportunities, it promotes social and cultural values ​​in rural areas, helps preserve the environment and reverses the flow of rural-urban migration; But studies show that this type of tourism has not developed significantly in Iran. This research was conducted with the aim of investigating and analyzing the management of agricultural tourism in the world and Iran. Based on this research, agricultural tourism provides a farm-based tourism experience for visitors who are looking for traditional rural hospitality and access to nature, sightseeing and cultural experiences, and it can be considered as one of the Diversifying fields should be considered for the rural economy. Through agricultural tourism, farmers can provide tourists with special experiences of rural lifestyle and culture through recreation and entertainment of agricultural activities and agricultural products. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Investigating the relationship between the use of (violent) computer games and the aggression of students of the first secondary school in Sisherd city.
      Mehdi  Bastam Kish Poya Niki
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 5 , Winter 2022
      In the contemporary world, the progress of science has not only affected the level of life and the space and environment where people live, but it has also changed the rules and regulations governing the communication and interaction between people and their attitude to More
      In the contemporary world, the progress of science has not only affected the level of life and the space and environment where people live, but it has also changed the rules and regulations governing the communication and interaction between people and their attitude towards themselves, others and the world. The current study is to investigate the aggression level of teenagers who use (violent) electronic and computer games. The current research community consists of male students of the first secondary school in Si-Sherd city. In this research, using simple random sampling, 80 male students of the first secondary school of Sisherd city were selected as a sample, and then the Eysnick aggression test and a self-made test about the use of computer games were given. They were contracted and asked to answer these questions with yes and no or choose the time they use computer games. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - The livability of urban areas with sustainable development approach in one area of Karaj municipality
      Mohammad  Ramian Azade  Arbabi Sabzevari
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 5 , Winter 2022
      Today, it is necessary to have livable characteristics for cities and especially metropolises. Therefore, the present study tries to evaluate the livability of the urban areas of one Karaj municipality region. The research method is evaluation-comparative and the collec More
      Today, it is necessary to have livable characteristics for cities and especially metropolises. Therefore, the present study tries to evaluate the livability of the urban areas of one Karaj municipality region. The research method is evaluation-comparative and the collection of information based on library information and documentary and field data has been carried out in the form of a survey in each neighborhood by distributing and completing questionnaires and using the ELECTERE model. Sustainability in livability and neighborhood ranking are specified. A statistical sample of 385 was selected by random method using Cochran's model. The livability of neighborhoods has been evaluated in four dimensions. that in total, the northern neighborhoods of the region (Area 1) in addition to neighborhood 1 (located in Area 2) have shown the highest level of sustainability in livability. From the examined dimensions, it can be concluded that the localities of the region in terms of stability and livability from top to bottom were as follows: 5, 1, 4, 8, 6, 9, 7, 2, 11 , 10 and 3. In total, the northern neighborhoods of the region (area 1) in addition to neighborhood 1 (located in area 2) have shown a higher level of sustainability, the most important reasons for which are pointed out: the extent of the green area, the low level of air pollution, better access to facilities. And more services and green space and predetermined design and orderly texture, low density, more job opportunities and higher social level of these neighborhoods. Also, a lower level of stability was observed in the southern neighborhoods (zone 1). The most important reasons for the low stability of the roads and sidewalks and very high density and narrow roads and lack of various facilities and services, low security of residents, high unemployment and low income and constructions without permits and properties without documents and He pointed out the presence of incompatible uses in addition to the residential fabric and the lack of green space, the existence of various types of pollution and dilapidated fabric.. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - A review of the characteristics of immigration literature novels
      Somayeh  Dehghan
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 5 , Winter 2022
      Migration literature is a new branch of contemporary literature with its own characteristics, which is divided into two parts: fiction and verse, and it exists in every country according to its social and historical developments. The growth and formation of this type of More
      Migration literature is a new branch of contemporary literature with its own characteristics, which is divided into two parts: fiction and verse, and it exists in every country according to its social and historical developments. The growth and formation of this type of literature and the entry of the term "migration literature" into the dictionary of political literature and cultures of the nations of the West is the product of the years after World War I and World War II. In line with the contemporary literary trends of Iran that became popular in Iran after the constitution and especially from the Pahlavi II era, due to the migration of many elites, young people and writers to Europe and America in search of developing education and finding a suitable job and a better future, and also Due to the effects of war and economic disturbances, a wide range of immigrants affected by dual factors took up writing and wrote short and long stories or stories. Among the novels of the authors in question, the selected novel shows the author's style and expression more than his other works. Although writers such as Ismail Fasih have written many of their works on the issue of immigration, this research has been examined in the field of immigration literature. The migration literature has special characteristics, such as dealing with the problems and sufferings of immigrants, which this research has dealt with in detail. In general, by analyzing the selected novels, we have realized that despite the influence of the authors from the thoughts and culture of the West, they are not removed from the past and the culture of the mother country; Therefore, modernity and its conflict with tradition, and the consequences of migration are the main themes of these works. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Investigating the process of urban planning in developed countries with an emphasis on urban regeneration in the last three decades, "case study of Iran"
      Mohammad  Ramian fatemeh adibi sadi nezhad
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 5 , Winter 2022
      As a geographical, economic, political and sociological reality, the city has been influenced by each of these factors in each period of its growth and development and has influenced each of them. The complexity of each of these factors has caused the complexity of the More
      As a geographical, economic, political and sociological reality, the city has been influenced by each of these factors in each period of its growth and development and has influenced each of them. The complexity of each of these factors has caused the complexity of the city as their spatial crystallization. Certainly, organizing and ordering the city and how it grows and evolves requires the thematics of the city and urban issues and then planning for it. In recent decades, several policies have been proposed to deal with the issue of environmental quality, social dignity and economic vitality of cities (especially in their inner areas) and various programs have been implemented in this regard. During the last three decades in developed countries, in order to solve the problems and bottlenecks in declining urban areas, various approaches have been experienced in theory and practice. The development policies in Iran during the last decades have led to uneven growth and severe imbalances in development, both in terms of sectors (between agriculture, industry and services or traditional and modern sectors) and in terms of Spatial-spatial differences between cities and villages and even at different levels of urban communities have resulted. For balanced urban development and minimization of problems, related institutions have turned to creating "urban plans" which are considered the most fundamental means of shaping and organizing. More than three decades have passed since the preparation and implementation of urban plans for the purpose of organizing the urban space, despite all the measures taken, evaluations show that these plans have failed to achieve their goals. The main goal is to examine the views of thinkers and planners in line with the factors affecting urban plans. Manuscript profile
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    • Open Access Article

      1 - Investigating the relationship between climate and tourism trends in the northeastern half of Iran
      abdolmotalleb  karimzadeh Rahim Bardi Anamoradinejad elahe moradi
      Iss. 3 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2022
      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between climatic conditions and the effect of climate on the development and trend of tourism in the eastern half of northern Iran. In this study, circulation climate index (TCI) and 7 climatic variables have bee More
      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between climatic conditions and the effect of climate on the development and trend of tourism in the eastern half of northern Iran. In this study, circulation climate index (TCI) and 7 climatic variables have been used to calculate the values ​​of major and minor TCI indices. These climatic data for a period of 20 years from 1990 to 2011 related to the synoptic station of Khorasan Razavi province, north and south were received through the website of the Meteorological Organization. In order to zoning the tourism climate conditions of the northeastern half of Iran from the conversion of station point information to surface information, GIS software was used. The tourist climate conditions of Northeast Iran were studied on a monthly basis using the tourist climate index. The results for each month are presented separately in the research findings. The results showed that the TCI index in different regions of the study area has a great variety. According to the annual characteristics of the index (TCI) in the provinces, May, June, July, August and September (May, June, July, August and September) have the best conditions in terms of climatic comfort of tourists and the month January, February, November and March (December, January, February and March) have the worst conditions in this regard. The study and comparison of the results obtained from the TCI index for different regions of the province indicate the concordance and appropriateness of the research results with the climatic realities of these regions. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - A study of architectural elements in fire temples and mosques in ancient Iran and the Islamic era
      zohre nadryan yaghob zoalfeghary
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Spring 2022
      With the end of the Sassanid rule, the Islamic period began in Iran, Muslims needed a mosque for worship. Hence, they turned fire temples into mosques and destroyed some of them and built mosques in their place. In different historical periods, different elements were a More
      With the end of the Sassanid rule, the Islamic period began in Iran, Muslims needed a mosque for worship. Hence, they turned fire temples into mosques and destroyed some of them and built mosques in their place. In different historical periods, different elements were added to them with different styles. In this research, questions such as the characteristics of the physical and spatial elements of the fire temple and how they change and become a mosque, are clearly stated and the researcher understood the reason for the changes in the buildings. This research has been done by descriptive analytical method with a historical perspective, which has been collected through data collection, and the result of studies on the buildings of mosques and fire temples in the Islamic period is as follows: Mosques consist of 4 structures They are the first structure of the nave + the courtyard of the mosque. Second structure: quadrangular + nave + courtyard. The third structure is only one nave and the fourth structure is only four-arched. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - How the formation of suburbanization in cities (Case study: Ilam city)
      milad abdi
      Iss. 3 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2022
      The term suburbanization in developing countries refers to slums. Poverty is the main cause of suburbanization. Use the services and facilities of the city. The formation of suburbanization in the city of Ilam dates back to the year 3 and they are mainly formed in the s More
      The term suburbanization in developing countries refers to slums. Poverty is the main cause of suburbanization. Use the services and facilities of the city. The formation of suburbanization in the city of Ilam dates back to the year 3 and they are mainly formed in the southern and southeastern part of the city. Among the suburbs of Ilam, we can mention Sabziabad, Banbur and Banbarz neighborhoods. The main consequences are the spread of social harms, the expansion of the city in low and unsuitable lands and the destruction of agricultural lands. The purpose of this study is to investigate marginalization in Ilam city and provide executive strategies to deal with this phenomenon. . In this research, the documentary-library method has been used and first defines marginalization and then examines the factors related to this phenomenon in the city of Ilam. Finally, solutions to prevent and intensify this phenomenon are proposed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Investigating the factors affecting the mental image of citizens of worn-out tissue and ways to improve it (a case study of worn-out tissue around the Qom Grand Mosque)
      ashraf mandani
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 1 , Spring 2022
      Dilapidated urban structures, regardless of their different species, are the product of some negligence of urban management, which over time has become an area of ​​the city that lacks the necessary physical stability and strength, does not provide adequate access to th More
      Dilapidated urban structures, regardless of their different species, are the product of some negligence of urban management, which over time has become an area of ​​the city that lacks the necessary physical stability and strength, does not provide adequate access to their homes and lacks Severe service suffer. For this reason, due to the low quality of life in some parts of them, the housing of deprived and rural immigrants and some non-Iranians have become and finally have become unsafe places with many social anomalies at the lowest level of environmental quality. What has faced the problem of intervention, improvement and renovation of worn-out structures in our country is the lack of a clear strategy based on the identification of worn-out tissue species and the serious determination of urban management to renovate and improve them. In many areas, contextual improvement and micro-partnership with the people living in it, offers a very desirable and sustainable method that can be done over a short period of time. Qom city is one of the cities that is clearly facing the problem of erosion due to having about 1074 hectares of historical and dilapidated texture and the residential texture around Qom Grand Mosque, due to its special location and being located in the central and historical area of ​​Qom city and its erosion. He faces certain problems. The findings show that a survey of residents' satisfaction shows that 32% completely agree with the demolition and renovation of the building, 23% agree, 20% somewhat agree, and there are those who are interested in this area and intend to continue living in the area. 15% of the residents of the area agree with the repair and reconstruction of the area but oppose the demolition and renovation. 10% are also dissatisfied with any changes in the buildings and structures of the area. The Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Identifying problems of tourism development in rural areas of Boyer-Ahmad city
      rahim javdankherad
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Spring 2022
      The first step to achieve sustainable rural development is to identify its capabilities, barriers and challenges. One of the existing potentials at the local level in rural areas of the country is the capacity to develop tourism activities, which is of particular import More
      The first step to achieve sustainable rural development is to identify its capabilities, barriers and challenges. One of the existing potentials at the local level in rural areas of the country is the capacity to develop tourism activities, which is of particular importance. Today, one of the ways to save villages from poverty, migration, social and economic problems is to develop tourism in areas prone to rural tourism. Currently, the tourism industry is one of the important sources of production, income, employment and infrastructure for achieving sustainable development. Rural tourism is a new trend in the tourism industry. The present article aims to identify the potentials and limitations of rural tourism development and strategies and strategies for tourism development in rural areas. Problems of tourism development in rural areas of Boyer-Ahmad city. The research method is descriptive-analytical of survey and library studies. The statistical population consists of villages with tourism potential of this city. Results and Findings The research shows that the ability to attract tourists to rural areas of the city is very high and requires the presentation of appropriate policies by implementing organizations to eliminate restrictions and use existing potentials and capabilities. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - The role of information and communication technology in the globalization of the media industry
      sohila goodarzi
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Spring 2022
      New communication technologies have not only affected the range of audiences, but have even been able to question the foundation of classical communication theories. For example, the sender, channel, and receiver model in traditional communication theories has become a More
      New communication technologies have not only affected the range of audiences, but have even been able to question the foundation of classical communication theories. For example, the sender, channel, and receiver model in traditional communication theories has become a model of content-producing communities with the advent of media such as user-centric networks or social networks, in which each person is a sender and receiver continuously at all times and has multiple roles. In this communication channel. These technological developments inherently contain challenges and threats that some experts have referred to as soft warfare, but this is just a coin, these developments apply to all countries of the world, and if anyone is to be harmed, it is certainly that society. Will be the one to take a defensive guard against these technologies. The introduction and development of new technologies in media organizations have brought about many changes that have affected the structure and management of media organizations. This article tries to study the impact of new technologies on the media and its developments on a case-by-case basis. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Investigating the effects of eco-lodges on the villages of Taleghan city
      sadegh saghafiasl
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2022
      Today, rural tourism has become one of the most important economic sectors in many countries of the world, and governments have adopted various policies to develop rural tourism at various scales, from local to national level. ¬ کاررده¬اند. One of the branches of touris More
      Today, rural tourism has become one of the most important economic sectors in many countries of the world, and governments have adopted various policies to develop rural tourism at various scales, from local to national level. ¬ کاررده¬اند. One of the branches of tourism that has been considered in recent decades is ecotourism. Ecotourism is an activity that has been considered by experts and specialists since the twentieth century and is one of the main branches of tourism that deals with rural tourism and job creation of rural residents, and it can also be mentioned that the economic factor Good income generation and socially and culturally is an effective factor for the development of rural life. Of course, the role of resorts that can play an important role in economic, social and cultural growth in rural areas should not be overlooked. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of ecotourism resorts on villages in Taleghan city. In the research hypotheses, the impact of ecotourism resorts using economic, social, cultural and geographical factors in Taleghan city has been investigated. This study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical and survey in terms of methodology. The data collection tool is a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software. Based on the results, social and cultural factors (35), economic factors (65), their impact on ecotourism resorts is higher than average and geographical factors (0) have a lower impact on ecotourism in the region. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Survey of food tourism capacities (Case study: Survey of local indigenous food of Qom province)
      hossein sadeghi Mohammed aghazadeh
      Iss. 3 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2022
      The food system, as a part of the cultural heritage of the society, has several capacities to be considered in the field of tourism. The food system has opened the door for experienced and experienced tourists to delve into the depths of the local culture and understand More
      The food system, as a part of the cultural heritage of the society, has several capacities to be considered in the field of tourism. The food system has opened the door for experienced and experienced tourists to delve into the depths of the local culture and understand the difference that is most important motivation to perceive and touch with their culture through taste. Food tourism in its specific geographical space and in connection with other sectors is one of the most popular and lucrative goals in the valley of developed countries in terms of tourism. Food tourism can lead to many economic benefits, and many see it as a tool for local development that can stimulate the economy, protect existing jobs, and create jobs. The purpose of this study is to study the local cuisine of Qom and its impact on attracting tourists and developing tourism in this region of the country. This study is descriptive in terms of user purpose and method. Also, information and data have been collected through documentary-library studies. The results of the present study show that the local food of Qom has a high capacity in attracting and retaining tourists, and those in charge of this issue, can host more tourists in Qom for a longer period of time, and this region has cultural benefits. And benefit economically. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - The effect of cold mountain climate on the formation of climate-friendly architecture (Study sample of rural areas of Boyer-Ahmad city)
      hossein shahmoradi ali aram
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2022
      In the design of rural houses, we see obvious differences in them. In some villages, the houses have round and spherical roofs, flat and with a steep angle and many slopes, which have a dominant shape. Thick walls, very thin walls, small windows, large windows are some More
      In the design of rural houses, we see obvious differences in them. In some villages, the houses have round and spherical roofs, flat and with a steep angle and many slopes, which have a dominant shape. Thick walls, very thin walls, small windows, large windows are some of these differences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of cold mountain climate on the formation of climate-friendly architecture. The method used in this research is descriptive-analytical and the role of mountainous climate in shaping rural housing is examined and analyzed. The studied components are rural housing types and their texture in cold climate. Data collection is through texts, sources, various sites and other research related to the subject in the study area. In Iran, the architecture of cold and mountainous areas is one of the most obvious and distinct manifestations of the impact of climate on the main form and body of villages. Significantly reduce and minimize the need for heating and cooling equipment. It is recommended to use eco-friendly materials to use the available materials that are well acquainted with its characteristics and meet the relevant needs in the relevant climatic conditions, in different parts of the building. By designing appropriate architecture and in accordance with the climatic conditions and local architecture of the region, along with sustainable architecture and saving energy consumption, free or cheaper and renewable resources can be used. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and customer citizenship behavior and its effect on the performance of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company
      sajad mousaviabad
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Spring 2022
      The present study belongs to the category of exploratory-applied research. The statistical population of this research consists of employees and customers of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company. The number of employees of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company is 100 More
      The present study belongs to the category of exploratory-applied research. The statistical population of this research consists of employees and customers of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company. The number of employees of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company is 1000 people, which corresponds to each employee selected by one customer, and the number of samples was selected using Cochran's formula of 280 people. Preliminary information about the mentioned variables was collected in the field by three samples of a questionnaire, one with 16 questions for gas company employees and the other with 17 questions for customers, which was compiled based on the Likert scale and EFQM questionnaire to evaluate performance. The collected data in this study have been reviewed and analyzed using SPSS software. Findings indicate that there is a relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and customer citizenship behavior and these two behaviors affect the performance of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Gas Company. Manuscript profile
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    hasanali toranj (Tabriz university)
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    Executive Editor
    sadegh saghafi asl (kharazmi University)
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    Number of Volumes 5
    Number of Issues 12
    Printed Articles 100
    Number of Authors 139
    Article Views 54130
    Article Downloads 10181
    Number of Submitted Articles 112
    Number of Rejected Articles 0
    Number of Accepted Articles 100
    Acceptance 89 %
    Admission Time(Day) 22
    Reviewer Count 0
    Last Update 12/3/2022